Discharge from Ear with Pain
Ear discharge is any fluid that comes from the ear. It’s also known as otorrhea. Most of the time your ears will discharge earwax. This is an oil that your body naturally produces. The job of earwax is to make sure that dust, bacteria, or other foreign bodies don’t get into your ear. However, other conditions, such as a ruptured eardrum, can cause blood or other fluids to drain from your ear. This is a sign that your ear has been injured or infected and requires medical attention.
Ear infections are one of the most common causes of discharge from the ear. An ear infection occurs when bacteria or viruses makes their way into the middle ear. The middle ear is behind the eardrum. It contains three bones called ossicles. These are vital to hearing. Ear infections cause fluid to build up in the ear, which can lead to ear discharge.
Otitis externa, commonly known as swimmer’s ear, occurs when bacteria or fungus infects your ear canal. It usually occurs when you spend long periods of time in water. Too much moisture inside your ear can break down the skin on the walls of your ear canal. This allows bacteria or fungus to enter and cause an infection. However, swimmer’s ear isn’t exclusive to swimmers. It can result whenever there’s a break in the skin of the ear canal. This might occur if you have irritated skin as a result of eczema. It can also occur if you insert a foreign object into the ear. Any damage to your ear canal makes it more susceptible to infection.
When to see an ENT Specialist?
It is advisable to visit the ENT specialist at the first sight of any kind of discharge from ear. More importantly if the discharge from your ear is white, yellow, or bloody or if you’ve had discharge for more than five days accompanied with serious pain, your ear is swollen or red, or you have a loss of hearingconsider this as critical and see the ENT specialist urgently.
Fever, irritability, and lethargy
Swelling of the ear lobe
Redness and tenderness behind the ear
Drainage from the ear
Bulging and drooping of the ear (in acute mastoiditis)
Treatment for Ear Discharge and Pain
Signs of an ear infection usually start to clear up within the first week or two with treatment. Pain medications might be necessary to deal with any pain or discomfort. Most cases of ear trauma also heal without treatment. If you have a tear in your eardrum that doesn’t heal naturally, your doctor might perform a small surgery called Tympanoplasty. Middle ear infection is one that needs special attention from ENT specialist.
If the infection has not reached your ear bone and is mostly superficial ENT Specialist at GNH Hospital will treat you with antibiotics, ear drops and will advise regular visit for cleaning of ear.
Surgery may also be needed to drain the fluid from the middle ear, called a myringotomy. During a myringotomy, the doctor makes a small hole in the eardrum to drain the fluid and relieve pressure from the middle ear. A small tube may be inserted into the middle ear to ventilate and prevent fluid from getting into the middle ear.
Mastoidectomy is a fairly frequent procedure performed for a variety of temporal bone pathologies including mastoditis and cholesteatoma. It involves removing part of the bony wall of the mastoid to aid in drainage and/or surgical excision.
The most frequent indication for this is chronic infection in the mastoid process occurring as a complication of chronic otitis media. The extent of surgery depends on extent of destruction. A radical mastoidectomy involves removal of diseased portions of the mastoid process as well as the incus and malleus of the middle ear and the tympanic membrane.