Kidney stones are small "pebbles" of salt and mineral in the urine. The most common symptom is severe pain. Most stones pass on their own. However in some cases they may get deposited in the kidney which might require surgical intervention to remove them. If the Kidney Stones are more than 10 mm in size then mostly they have to be removed by Surgery which is done by a Urologist.
Kidney stones are formed due to the following reasons:
One of the most common causes for Kidney stone is Vitamin D Deficiency. Since Vitamin D acts as Calcium Channel Regulator, its deficiency causes calcium imbalance in the body. The excess calcium is removed via kidneys and this causes deposition of calcium in kidneys.
Kidney stones keep moving further but sometimes get stuck in the kidneys causing hydronephrosis. Sometimes they get stuck in the ureter and require to be removed through ureteroscopy. At our Hospitals more than 95% of the Kidney stones are removed without Surgery.
A person forms kidney stones because the parathyroid glands produces too much of a hormone, which leads to higher calcium levels and possibly calcium kidney stones.
Kidney stones are also formed when your doctor prescribes you calcium supplements to cover up the Vitamin D Deficiency. Excess calcium is thrown out of the body through urine or stool and this causes either the kidney stones or gall bladder stones.
According to our Urologists the symptoms for Kidney Stones may include:
If the kidney stones are very small they may not present any symptoms and may be treated by medicine without requiring surgery. The most common symptom of kidney stones is sudden and severe pain that gets worse and radiates. Stones may cause intense pain in the back, side, abdomen, groin or genitals.
Sometimes pain due to kidney stones can be accompanied with nausea and vomitting.
Blood in the urine (haematuria), which can occur either with stones that stay in the kidney or with those that travel through the ureter.
Frequent and painful urination, which may occur when the stone is in the ureter or after the stone has left the bladder and is in the urethra. Painful urination may also be caused by Urinary Tract Infection which is differentiated by the Urologists.
Medical Management - For smaller kidney stones the most common medical management is the use of water and diuretics. Drinking 8-12 glasses of water will help in flushing out the kidney stones. Lemon Juice also helps in breaking the kidney stones and flushing them out. A lot of people advise `Drinking Beer' which has the same effect on the body as Diuretics meaning that it produces more urine and increases the pressure of the urine which helps in flushing out the kidney stones. However the alcohol content in the beer is not helping your health in any manner. So stick to water and stay healthy.
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) - ESWL or lithotripsy procedure is the best treatment for kidney stone when the size of the stone is not too large and the stone is also not too old. In this procedure the stones are broken into small particles using shock waves and then the kidney stones pass through urine. The cost of this procedure is USD 1200 for each sitting and may be a costly option as 2-3 sittings might be required.
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) - This is the minimally invasive procedure to remove the kidney stones. This is also the most widely used and one of the best methods for surgical removal of kidney stones. In this case if the kidney stone is big in size then the doctor will break the stone and take out most of the pieces during the surgery and very small particles pass through urine as in case of ESWL. This surgery is done by Urologists at our hospitals. The cost of PCNL Surgery ranges between USD 2000-3000.
Ureteroscopic Stone Removal -This procedure is used to remove kidney stones stuck in ureter. This does not need any incision, rather a urteroscope is inserted through the opening of the penis or vagina to visualize the location of the kidney stone and take it out. A stent is left for a week for flow of urine and stone particles. The cost of this procedure is USD 1500-2500.
The hospital stay for these surgeries is only 1-2 days and the patient can fly back home within a week.
Our hospitals are located in the northern part of India specially in the NCR region comprising New Delhi, Gurgaon, Noida and Faridabad which all are within a distance of 20-50 kms from the New Delhi airport. Our hospitals are super specialty in the fields of Neurosurgery, Cardiology, Joint Replacement, Cancer Care, Liver and Kidney Transplants, Cosmetic Surgery and many other branches of medicine. All our hospitals offer quality treatment and are accreditated by NABH or JCI. For patients coming from other countries our team members would receive you at the airport and escort you to the hospital or the hotel as the case maybe.
We have the latest MRI, CT Scan, Digital X-Ray, Bone Densitometry (DEXA), Mammography, Ultrasound, Colour Doppler, PET Scan, Nuclear Imaging, Cardiac Imaging, Neuro Lab and the most advanced Pathology Lab which gives us the diagnostic confidence for providing the right treatment.
Modular fully equipped Operation Theatres with Computer Navigation and C-Arm backed by a state of art ICU helps us in providing world class treatment to our patients. We are equipped to handle the most complex of the surgeries due to the state of art cutting edge technology.
Our team of doctors include some of the best names from the Indian Medical Fraternity. Dr Arun Saroha Dr V.S.Mehta, Dr Vikas Kathuria, Dr Sandeep Vaishya in Neurosurgery, Dr Sumita Singh in Breast and Piles, , Dr Sudeep Jain, Dr Subhash Jangid, Dr Debashish, Dr Anuj Chawla,Dr Ratnav Ratan, Dr Reetadyuti and Dr Praveen Tittal in Joints, Dr Priyanjana Sharma in ENT, Dr Kaushal Yadav, Dr Ankur Garg, Dr Shilpi Sharma, Dr Abhishek Mitra in Cancer Surgery, , Dr Sumita Singh and Dr Vikram Singh in GI Laparoscopic Surgery, Dr Amita Shah and Dr Parvinder Kaur in Obs, Gynae and Infertility, Dr Raman Tanwar and Dr Chandrakant Kar in Urology, Dr Sumita Singh for Pilonidal Sinus Surgery are some of the key doctors with us.
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